pagmo is written in modern C++, and it requires a compiler able to understand at least C++17. pagmo is currently tested on the following setups:

  • GCC 9 on GNU/Linux,

  • Clang 11 on OSX,

  • MSVC 2017 on Windows.

The officially-supported architectures are 64-bit x86, ARM and PowerPC.

The pagmo C++ library has the following mandatory dependencies:

  • the Boost C++ libraries (at least version 1.60),

  • the Intel TBB library.

Additionally, pagmo has the following optional dependencies:

Additionally, CMake is the build system used by pagmo and it must also be available when installing from source (the minimum required version is 3.8).


pagmo packages are available from a variety of package managers on several platforms.


pagmo is available via the conda package manager for Linux, OSX and Windows thanks to the infrastructure provided by conda-forge. Two packages are available:

  • pagmo, which contains the pagmo shared library,

  • pagmo-devel, which contains the pagmo headers and the CMake support files.

In order to install pagmo via conda, you just need to add conda-forge to the channels, and then we can immediately install pagmo:

$ conda config --add channels conda-forge
$ conda config --set channel_priority strict
$ conda install pagmo pagmo-devel

The conda packages for pagmo are maintained by the core development team, and they are regularly updated when new pagmo versions are released.

Please refer to the conda documentation for instructions on how to setup and manage your conda installation.

Arch Linux

pagmo is also available on the Arch User Repository (AUR) in Arch Linux. It is recommended to use an AUR helper like yay or pikaur for ease of installation. See the AUR helpers page on the Arch Linux wiki for more info.

$ yay -S pagmo


A FreeBSD port via pkg has been created for pagmo. In order to install pagmo using pkg, execute the following command:

$ pkg install pagmo2


A Homebrew recipe for pagmo is also available. In order to install pagmo on OSX with Homebrew, it is sufficient to execute the following command:

$ brew install pagmo


You can download and install pagmo2 using the vcpkg dependency manager:

$ git clone
$ cd vcpkg
$ ./    # add -disableMetrics to opt out of telemetry
$ ./vcpkg install pagmo2  # or use pagmo2[nlopt] for the NLopt wrappers

Then you may direct cmake or msbuild to use the provided vcpkg toolchain file. Please visit the vcpkg build system documentation for details.

The pagmo2 port in vcpkg is kept up to date by Microsoft team members and community contributors. If the version is out of date, please create an issue or pull request on the vcpkg repository.

Installation from source

After making sure the dependencies are installed on your system, you can download the pagmo source code from the GitHub release page. Alternatively, and if you like living on the bleeding edge, you can get the very latest version of pagmo via git:

$ git clone

We follow the usual PR-based development workflow, thus pagmo’s master branch is normally kept in a working state.

After downloading and/or unpacking pagmo’s source code, go to pagmo’s source tree, create a build directory and cd into it. E.g., on a Unix-like system:

$ cd /path/to/pagmo
$ mkdir build
$ cd build

Once you are in the build directory, you must configure your build using cmake. This will allow you to enable support for optional dependencies, configure the install destination, etc.

The following options are currently recognised by pagmo’s build system:

  • PAGMO_BUILD_TESTS: build the test suite (defaults to OFF),

  • PAGMO_BUILD_TUTORIALS: build the C++ tutorials (defaults to OFF),

  • PAGMO_WITH_EIGEN3: enable features depending on Eigen3 (defaults to OFF),

  • PAGMO_WITH_NLOPT: enable the NLopt wrappers (defaults to OFF),

  • PAGMO_WITH_IPOPT: enable the Ipopt wrapper (defaults to OFF).

Additionally, there are various useful CMake variables you can set, such as:

  • CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE: the build type (Release, Debug, etc.), defaults to Release.

  • CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX: the path into which pagmo will be installed (e.g., this defaults to /usr/local on Unix-like platforms).

  • CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH: additional paths that will be searched by CMake when looking for dependencies.

Please consult CMake’s documentation for more details about CMake’s variables and options.

A typical CMake invocation for pagmo may look something like this:


That is, we build the test suite and we will be installing pagmo into our home directory into the .local subdirectory. If CMake runs without errors, we can then proceed to actually building pagmo:

$ cmake --build .

This command will build the pagmo library and, if requested, the test suite. Next, we can install pagmo with the command:

$ cmake  --build . --target install

This command will install the pagmo library and header files to the directory tree indicated by the CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX variable.

If enabled, the test suite can be executed with the command:

$ cmake  --build . --target test


On Windows, in order to execute the test suite you have to ensure that the PATH variable includes the directory that contains the pagmo DLL (otherwise the tests will fail to run).

Getting help

If you run into troubles installing pagmo, please do not hesitate to contact us either through our gitter channel or by opening an issue report on github.